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Dysphonia and aphonia: what to do to recover your voice

Dysphonia and aphonia: what to do to recover your voice

The dysphonia, often confused with hoarse, is a voice disorder in which the quality of the voice is altered.

If you are one of those who after talking for many hours or after a night of partying feels your throat dry and you can barely make any sound, then you will be familiar with the expression stay speechless. However, aphonia is a serious problem and different from the typical hoarseness that affects those people who often raise their voices regularly, although both disorders are closely related.

In other words, when someone presents a costume they are able to speak but with difficulty, the voice loses acoustic quality, and it is necessary to force it so that the words come out. The afona, meanwhile, may be the final stage of chronic dysphonia, a not so frequent problem but that implies the total loss of voice, due to a overuse of the vocal cords. Among the most frequent causes of these conditions, the respiratory system diseases (such as pharyngitis, laryngitis, or allergies), products that irritate the throat such as tobacco the alcoholeither temperature changes in the environment.

How is the voice produced?

The voice has its origin in the larynx, a structure with flexible cartilages that act as a support for fine V-shaped muscles arranged horizontally; the vocal chords. To produce a specific sound, these vocal cords contract or lengthen. At the same time, a change in air pressure that comes out of our lungs; all this causes a vibration that, when resonating through the larynx, produces the sound we call voice .

However, when there is a problem in the vocal cords, this vibration is defective and the emitted voice shows alterations, it becomes hoarse, scratchy, choppy, muffled, etc. This abnormal voice change is known as dysphonia.

But not all dysphonas are due to anatomical changes. For example, the change in voice that occurs in adolescent boys (between 15 and 18 years old), it is considered a form of physiological dysphona, not harmful to the body. On the contrary, various causes of dysphonia associated with other diseases. In children it is usually due to congenital malformations, such as angiomas.

At older ages, laryngeal papillomas may appear, due to viral infection. But without a doubt, the vocal hyperfunction (that is, the misuse or abuse of the voice) is the main reason for the difficulty when speaking, forcing us to force the vocal cords even more to produce some sound, thus turning the problem into a chronic situation on more than one occasion.

Treatments for ladisfona and afona

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As with most disorders of the body, the treatment of dysphonia or strain to be specific according to the cause of its origin. However, the extinction of the voice always requires a rest of the larynx and good hydration of it (drinking plenty of water), accompanied by anti-inflammatory in the case of an infection. In the case of presenting polyps in the vocal cords, a surgical intervention.

In addition to knowing the relevant treatments, it is important to establish a correct vocal hygiene in case of recurrent dysphonas, in order to avoid complications in the future. A speech therapistIt can be tremendously useful in this regard.

Adopt one good posture and practice diaphragmatic breathing (often used by singers to amplify their voice) are two key steps to reeducate the voice, and thus prolong its quality and life.

Source | CEV