When we talk about eating disorders, we tend to always think about them (and raise your hand who has thought of any different): Anorexia and Bulimia.
On the contrary, it is not bad, since we must know these disorders in depth to avoid them or to avoid suffering a loved one. These two eating disorders in particular stand out from the others because they are the most prevalent, that is, those that concentrate the largest number of affected people. However, as is often said in universities, knowledge is power
And today we will collaborate a little in giving you a little bit of said powerWell, we are going to do a Quick review of the various eating disorders that exist today. We will not talk about all of them because it is impossible, there are too many varieties, but we will tell you about ten of them.
1. Anorexia nervosa
Let's start with an old acquaintance of eating disorders: Anorexia Nervosa. This disorder consists of a absolute refusal to eat by the patient based on his fear of gaining weight, even reaching starvation (death due to lack of food). It differs from the anorexy just because this term is a symptom that means loss of appetite.
In short, anorexia nervosa causes the patient to always look overweight, even though his body is in the same bones. To achieve this, apart from voluntarily stopping eating, any food consumed is expelled in various ways: Vomiting, enemas It is more characteristic of women than men, but cases of both sexes are known. In women, moreover, it is characteristic the amenorrhea or lack of menstruation.
2. Bulimia nervosa
To continue, we have the other old acquaintance of eating disorders: Bulimia Nervosa. This other disorder does not imply total rejection of food, but is characterized by so-called binge eating, where a large excess of food is consumed in a short space of time. And, besides, associates again the attempt to expel food later for fear of gaining weight.
In the Internet forums of anorexia and bulimia, these two disorders are known by the code name of Ana and Ma.
We should not confuse it with binge disorder, where what happens is that these binge eating episodes occur, even consuming 6,000 kcal at a time, but it is not accompanied by fear of gaining weight or by vomiting and other processes. This last disorder would involve reaching obesity in many cases.
Orthorexia has also been discussed at some time by us. It is one of the most recent eating disorders, which consists of summarized accounts in a healthy diet taken to the extreme. In this eating disorder we can see obsessive behavior focused on healthy eating at any cost, resulting in harm to the body.
For example, one of the things that we can observe is how some people stop consuming some foods because they consider them dangerous for having undergone industrial processes such as carrying dyes or additives. They also exclude other foods such as dairy (due to the possibility of lactose intolerance or allergy) or gluten, blaming them for this danger.
Permarexia has not yet been accepted as an official term in reference to eating disorders, but it is already used to describe the phenomenon that some people obsessed with being overweight and who, because of their fear of gaining weight, undergo a permanent low-calorie diet without further ado. In addition, it is a risk factor to end up suffering from anorexia or bulimia in the future.
In this disorder, dieting is a routine. However, the main characteristic that differentiates them from orthorexia is that no concern for healthy eating, but only low in calories. Neither does it go to the extreme of stopping eating or vomiting, nor are drugs used to expel the excess food consumed, but there is an obsession with not gaining weight.
Megarexia is the antithesis of eating disorders, since it works in reverse of what we usually see in the well-known anorexia and bulimia. In this case it is obese people who look in the mirror and look slim and healthy, which leads them to eat as much as they want, and of everything they want.
In other words, looking slim and healthy induces people with megarexia to be more prone to hypercaloric nutrition, full of junk food, which in turn leads them into a vicious circle where they continue to gain weight and lead to obesity with a difficult return. Obviously, this is not healthy either, although it works completely the opposite of the well-known anorexia.
Vigorexia is another new eating disorder, not yet officially recognized as such, but which is widely talked about and affects 4 out of 10,000 individuals. These are young men (between 18 and 35 years old) obsessed with physique, with a distorted vision of themselves, always weak and weak. Therefore, in vigorexia the tendency is to engage in extreme physical activity (especially muscle) and a exaggerated consumption of proteins, carbohydrates and anabolic substances on occasions.
The purpose of the disorder is to increase muscle mass, thus abandoning social networks and other aspects of life, dedicating all the time to physical exercise. Vigorexia is also known as muscular dysmorphia or Adonis complex.
Drunkorexia could be the eating disorder of the weekend. In this case we see how young people carry out an unbalanced eating behavior, which in this case consists of not eating or eating in small quantities to compensate for the calories ingested with alcohol.
Despite the fact that it is true that alcohol has an important caloric and energy load, the reality is that it is mostly about calorie cows that do not contribute anything to our body. Obviously, it is a mistake to minimize the consumption of food as compensation for all the calories that we will ingest through alcohol, and also this can have serious effects on the brain.
Potomana is another of the eating disorders to consider, although it is better known and studied than the previous ones. It is, in short, a obsessed with drinking excess water daily, with an average of 4 liters per day but with known cases of up to 6 or 8 liters of water per day.
Obviously this does not sit well with our body, since the ideal according to studies is a limit of 2-3 liters of water per day, including food and other beverages. If we go over water we can suffer excessive sweating, insomnia and even irreversible kidney injury.
Pica is one of the rarest eating disorders, or at least the most striking. It consists of nothing more and nothing less than eat non-digestible food, without any nutritional contribution: Hair, plaster, rubber, glass and any object you can imagine, even an airplane!
It is a disorder that usually accompanies other mental illnesses, but it has been described in children with severe malnutrition and even in pregnant women. The most typical objects are chalk or plaster in the latter case, as a way to compensate for the lack of calcium during pregnancy.
To finish we have sadorexia, a kind of mix between anorexia and sadomasochism, which implies not consuming food (or vomiting if necessary) along with physical abuse. In this disorder, behaviors such as lack of food or purges such as inducing vomiting or the use of drugs with pain through self-harm are mixed, all with the aim of avoiding the desire to eat.
The latter, self-harm, is a form of self-punishment to end the anxiety that can lead to the desire to look for food, so when subjected to physical abuse, eating is avoided, reaching extreme thinness on many more occasions than in common anorexia nervosa.